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Which is the most common cancer found in children?

The most common type of leukaemia affecting children and teens alike is Childhood leukaemia. It can be classified into the following types: 

     Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), also called acute lymphocytic leukaemia

     Acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML)

     Hybrid or mixed-lineage leukaemia

     Chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML)

     Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)

     Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML)

Common symptoms in childhood leukaemia include frequent infections and fever, extreme fatigue, bleeding that doesn’t stop easily during injuries, breathing difficulties, coughing up blood etc. 

Other symptoms include swelling or inflammation above the collarbone, face, arms, underarms, stomach, groin, joint pain, seizures, hormonal imbalance, rashes, loss of appetite, gum problems, etc.

Though cancer in children is rare, it is the second leading cause of death by disease among kids in America. The most common types of cancers that occur in children are leukemia, lymphoma and brain tumors. The good news is that because childhood cancers are relatively rare, many doctors have extensive experience treating them.  To know the next steps in case of cancer diagnosis click on our website https://www.hospitalroad.com/.

Initial tests include:

      Blood tests to analyse the size, number and appearance of blood cells

      A bone marrow biopsy is taken from the pelvic bone to confirm the diagnosis. In addition, bone-forming and fat-forming cells are analysed.

      Lumbar puncture/spinal tap that analyses the spread of leukaemia cells in the brain and spinal cord.


Treatment for childhood leukaemia involves antibiotics, blood transfusions, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or targeted therapy.

Preventive care during leukaemia treatment

      Wash hands regularly and for about 20 seconds

      Avoid friends, acquaintances, and family who are sick

      Clean and dress cuts, scrapes, bruises or other wounds immediately

      Maintain cleanliness and hygiene in the house

      In the case of pets, ensure cleanliness and necessary precautions

      Regularly disinfect frequently touched items in the home, including toys, remotes, tablets, phones, faucets, switches, doorknobs, railings etc.

It is wise to practice good safety. The child must not share utensils, drinks or food with anyone else to avoid microbial exposure and subsequent infections. Nutrition, too, is an integral part of cancer care. Children would be in more need of calories and protein during cancer treatment. Professional medical advice given by super-specialists can address their nutritional needs.

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Does your child have leukaemia? Or do you know someone with a child who has leukaemia? Register now to book your e-consultation with Dr. HaritChaturvedi - the best oncologist in India, to achieve better health outcomes for your child.

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